GALLSTONES MAY CAUSE SUDDEN ONSET ABDOMINAL PAIN
Gallbladder diseases are among the important diseases of general surgery. Especially gallstones should be considered. Pain in the upper right of the abdomen can be a harbinger of gallstones and gallstones can be a sign of serious diseases, so a specialist should be consulted without delay.
Gallstones are more common in middle-aged, white-skinned, obese and multiparous women. In general, stone or sludge is seen in gallbladders of 1/3 of people over 60 years of age.
Specialists of General Surgery Department of Memorial Diyarbakir Hospital who stated that the incidence of stones will increase in patients with hemolytic anemia, liver cirrhosis, diabetes and congenital diversity in biliary tract gave information about the formation and treatment of gallbladder stones.
If abdominal pain is accompanied by vomiting
Symptoms of the disease are seen in 30-40% of patients with gallbladder stones. The gallbladder’s attempt to discard gallstones (biliary colic) is seen commonly in these patients. As a result of the blockage of the cystic duct with stone, patients suffer from pains with increasing intensity and diminishing after 3-6 hours. After the attack, pain continues in the epigastric region and in the upper right side of the abdomen, accompanied by a feeling of nausea and vomiting. Obstruction may lead to gallbladder wall inflammation (acute cholecystitis).
Gallstones can cause gallbladder cancer
Although the incidence of gallbladder stones varies from society to society due to dietary habits and genetic predisposition, it is a common disease. The incidence is increasing especially in older women. Gallstone and gallbladder cancer are also partially associated. Gallbladder cancer is seen in approximately 5% of patients with gallstones.
Gallstones can cause cirrhosis
Gallbladder stones fall into the main bile duct and cause obstruction, which leads to more serious complications such as jaundice, cholangitis attacks (chronic or acute inflammation of the extra-liver biliary tract or their extensions) and pancreatic inflammation (pancreatitis). Frequent blockages in the biliary tract or prolonged blockages or inflammations may lead to cirrhosis of the liver. Therefore, signs of liver failure, swelling in the body, abdominal distension, bleeding (esophageal variceal bleeding) may occur.
Gallbladder Problems The patient can be discharged the next day with laparoscopic surgery
Although there are different opinions in the treatment of gallstones without causing symptoms, it is recommended that gall bladder removal (cercolecystectomy) is performed in patients with diabetes and who cannot be followed up regularly. Today, the treatment of gallbladder stones is easily performed by laparoscopic method (observing the inside of the abdomen using an optical device). Laparoscopic gallbladder surgery is performed even in the case of acute cholecystitis with 3 or 4 ports entered through the abdominal region and patients are discharged one day later. In addition, gall bladder surgery can be performed without any scar with a single port entered from the navel by sils method (single incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy).
Gallbladder Problems |Nutrition Plays a Key Role in Your Recovery After Surgery
In the postoperative period, patients should pay attention to his diet. In particular, they should avoid fatty foods. Fish consumption is acceptable except for some fatty fish and it is recommended to cook the fish with olive oil. It is useful to reduce or limit eating foods fried in oil that is difficult to digest. Since nutrients absorb oils less than animal fats, it is healthier to prefer oils when cooking. Fresh vegetables and fruits should be eaten. If the patient develops constipation, he should prefer pulpy foods. The patient should also consume plenty of fluids.